Many times in the film, Ingmar Bergman uses a red screen to fade in and fade out, and then again a few seconds later as the transition between scenes. I’ve also seen other directors using red, especially Pedro Almodóvar and his Átame! (aka Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!). Unlike Almodóvar’s passionate red, Bergman’s red is blood, disease, and the dying despair and grief.